ESL Vocabulary Games: Describe, Repeat and Review.

half crossword

ESL vocabulary games are useful for reinforcing student’s absorption and activation of new words and phrases. From the names of foodstuffs and colours, technical terms, set phrases for use when emailing, ways of interrupting a conversation to make a point, through to idioms which only a native (and regional) speaker could ever guess the meaning of. The field of vocabulary learning is vast and these TEFL vocabulary games encompass a wide variety of categories of vocabulary.

Vocabulary Activities by Type

Alphabet and spelling games

Spelling games and activities for adult learners to help familiarise students with the English alphabet.

Numbers, time and dates

Here are some activities to practise using numbers, times and dates. Including the popular Number Bingo activity.

Other Activities

Comparative adjectives and superlatives 

Using Venn diagrams, students categorize two sets of adjectives before rolling dice to elicit comparisons and superlative forms.

Categories game

One of my favourite vocabulary games. Easy to set up and always popular. Teams race against each other to find a word that fits with each vocabulary category.

Guess the sounds

Can your students identify and name different sounds?


One of the most popular ESL vocabulary games. Great for giving students a nice send-off at the end of the course or before the holiday break. Here’s my own take on the game as well as some questions to get you started.

Kim’s game

Test students’ memories, add useful vocabulary and practise there is and there are, all by collecting some random household items before you go out.

Pass the bomb

The greatest single investment I have ever made as an ESL teacher. The bomb never fails to inject life and excitement into the most tired and sluggish classrooms.

Phrasal Verb Match-Up

An ESL game to practice recognising phrasal verbs.

Picture taboo

A less boisterous version of regular Taboo, students describe objects for their classmates to guess.

Scatter Sheets

A simple but effective activity to increase students’ vocabulary and speaking confidence. Also available as a handy, easy to photocopy book.

Scavenger hunt

Fed up of being stuck in the classroom on a sunny afternoon? Send your students out on a scavenger hunt.


This very popular and reliable ESL game gets students competing to define words for their teammates. How to play plus printable taboo cards.

The recipe game

Students get to show off their culinary creativity with this fun recipe creating game.

What’s in your fridge?

A game to practice using countable and uncountable nouns and quantifiers– there is, there are, some, any, much, many etc.

Who lives in a house like this?

Students look at photographs of their classmates’ homes and decide which photo belongs to whom.

Puzzles and Worksheets

Collaborative Crosswords

Collaborative or half crosswords are a vocabulary learning exercise designed to introduce sets of related vocabulary and have learners describe these new words to each other, write them down and in doing so help fix them in memory. Perfect as a lead-in to your next activity.


Crosswords and half-crosswords are a great way to review vocabulary or introduce a theme. Here’s a quick guide to creating them easily as well as some example to download and go.

Mixed up idioms

Printable idiom worksheets to learn and practise popular English expressions.

Holiday Activities

Valentine’s Day

Here you can find some assorted Valentine’s Day activities

Halloween Activities

Here you can find activities to do on or before October 31, including half a crossword and a spooky guess the sound quiz.

Bonfire Night Activities

Activities related to the infamous events of November 5.

Christmas and New Year

Activities pertaining to Christmas and New Year celebrations.

If you like these ESL vocabulary games, make sure to check out our page of ESL grammar games too.

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